Container Shipping Profits Sink for First Time Since 2018

The container shipping industry witnessed a sharp decline in profitability during the last quarter of 2023, marking a significant shift from the COVID-driven boom of previous years.

According to Alphaliner’s report, mainline operators experienced negative operating profit margins for the first time since 2018, averaging -3% in Q4 2023. This slump follows the end of the pandemic-fueled surge in demand.

Losses for Major Players: Six out of the nine largest shipping lines, including industry giants like ZIM, Yang Ming, and Wan Hai Lines, reported operating losses in Q4. Even Maersk, the world’s second-largest carrier, suffered a significant drop, recording a -12.8% margin.

Evergreen Stands Out: Taiwan’s Evergreen Marine Corporation emerged as a bright spot, boasting the highest operating profit margin (7%) among major players. HMM also managed a small profit, albeit significantly lower than 2022.

Despite the Q4 slump, the average profit margin for the entire year 2023 remained positive at around 4%. However, carriers like ZIM and Wan Hai Lines reported annual losses, indicating a faster-than-expected decline.

Maersk’s Bleak Outlook: Maersk not only faced losses in Q4 but also released a concerning outlook for 2024. They anticipate potential operating losses of up to $5 billion this year, highlighting a worrying trend for the industry.

Volume vs. Rates: Comparisons suggest that declining freight rates impacted earnings more severely than increases in shipping volume. Carriers like CMA CGM and Hapag-Lloyd, despite achieving slight volume growth, witnessed a steeper decline in rates compared to those with lower volume gains.

Uncertain Future: Alphaliner acknowledges external factors like the Red Sea crisis and Panama Canal restrictions, making 2024 an unpredictable year for container shipping.


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